Piano Teachers: Are Piano Exams Good Or Bad?

Piano exams can be a controversial topic. Some teachers see exams as the best way to teach, whereas others want to stay clear of the ‘exam express’. Join us as we outline 5 pros and 5 cons of piano exams.

Piano Teachers: Are Piano Exams Good Or Bad?

Piano exams. As there are SO many opinions around this topic and whether piano exams are good or bad for our students, we wanted to outline a few thoughts and invite you to share yours.


  1. Why The Focus On Piano Exams?
  2. Piano Exams: The Good
  3. Piano Exams: The Bad
  4. What Do Students Think About Piano Exams?
  5. Let’s Talk

Why The Focus On Piano Exams?

Those of you not teaching in Australia or the UK may not realize that in certain countries there’s a very exam-centered approach to music teaching.

Many students will sit one exam per year for the 8-10 years it takes them to go from Preliminary to Grade 8. Some may even go on to complete Diploma exams.

Piano Exams: The Good  

If you’re an advocate for piano exams, no doubt you’ll have even more points to add to this list! And if you’re anti-exams, you’ll likely argue each of these thoughts!

Both of these are absolutely fine – as I said, there are many differing opinions on exams!

1) Provides the student with a sense of achievement

Sure, you can tell them how amazing they play their pieces until you’re blue in the face, and their parents can compliment them ‘til the cows come home. But students will always feel you and their parents are biased

However, if a stranger whose opinion is highly respected in the world of music says they play their pieces very well, they’ll believe them and feel they’ve achieved something!

2) Evidence of progression

Certain students always like to ask, “Am I getting better?” or “Am I better now than I was  this time last summer?”

You tell them a million times that you’re so impressed with their musical development.

But for some students, until they see the numbers on their piano exam books and certificates getting higher, they don’t feel the progression.

Related: Improve Your Piano Teaching Through Self Assessment

3) Motivation

For some students, simply playing for their own enjoyment is enough to keep them practicing. For others, an upcoming recital or performance encourages a boost in their practice. But for others, motivation to practice only appears when they’ve given a deadline of when their playing is going to be assessed and marked.

Piano exams are physical evidence of progression

4) Pushes the student out of their comfort zone

Sometimes a student gets stuck in the cycle of “start a piece – learn it for a week – ask for a new piece – start a new piece – learn it for a week – ask for a new piece…”

Exam preparation can wake a student up and challenge them.

They’ve now got the challenge of sticking with certain pieces and exercises for a longer period of time, making sure they practice them enough so they can play them to the best of their ability.

They’ve also got the challenge of playing the piece as written. No more skipping certain notes in chords because “it’s too hard and I didn’t like how it sounded” – if things are hard, they’ve got to work on them.

If you push them out of their comfort zone will see them become better musicians (and they’ll thank you for it one day!)

Related: 75 Pieces In One Year – How Ben Went From Beginner to Grade 2 in 10 Months

Piano exam meme about covering up hard notes

5) Introduces students to new pieces and genres

If you have a student who only plays songs and pieces they know, they’re highly likely to pass up your offer of a Baroque piece because they don’t recognize it.

But when you play them their exam piece choices, chances are they won’t know any of them.

They then start listening to these new pieces. discover that they actually can enjoy music that they’ve not heard on TikTok. They’re introduced to a new world of music (that you’ve tried to introduce to them so many times before, but we won’t mention that) and it makes them feel like they’re part of an exclusive music club and you overhear them telling their sister, “Oh, you won’t know it. I don’t suppose you’ve ever heard of Tchaikovsky. I know who he is, I’m a pianist.”

Piano Exam infographic outlining the good points

Piano Exams: The Bad

Again, if you’re an advocate for exams there’s a chance you’ll disagree with these points. And if you’re anti-exam, you’d probably want to make this list even longer.
These are a few negative opinions we’ve seen shared by several teachers over the years:  

1) Pushy parents

When a student first starts lessons, non-musical (and sometimes musical) parents believe that doing exams is the only way to show their child has progressed each year.

They’ll then push the teacher to get through grade exams as fast as possible so the student can “finish” and move on. On rare occasions this process works. Some students actually enjoys the pressure of getting through exams quickly as it motivates them to work harder.

More often than not, the outcome of this is that the student gets bored and frustrated and quits lessons.
Related: An Open Letter To Parents of Piano Students 

2) Limits the number of pieces the student learns

If a student is on the “exam express” they’re learning a very limited number of pieces a year, as each piece takes time in being ‘perfected’ and becoming exam ready. This can result in students missing out on a more holistic pedagogical approach. Which again, can lead to a student becoming bored and frustrated and eventually quitting lessons.

3) Students lack musical knowledge and experience

With the focus of lessons being purely on exam content, the student misses out on a more in-depth look at music as a whole. This results in their inability to play anything without instruction.
They’re never taught how to do things like…

  • Play a pop song from a lead sheet
  • Improvise (on their own, rather than the method for the supporting test)
  • Play by ear

These are all skills students (especially teenagers) find enjoyable and can carry on with them throughout their life.

Students can sometimes feel as though the teacher has taken the ‘easy’ route. By following an exam syllabus they don’t have to source new music or discover new and innovative ways of teaching. They can simply teach the same pieces in the same way over and over (until the syllabus runs out!)

Related: Introduction To Integrated Music Teaching

Piano Exams Bad Point - Misses Out In-depth Look At Music

4) Can add stress and pressure onto students

Kids and teenagers have enough stress from school. They can look at their extracurricular activities as a way to relieve that stress and have fun.

Some students thrive on exam pressure and having that goal. Others, however, see it as an extra pressure they didn’t particularly need. Practicing the piano used to be a reward after homework because they could get lost in the world of music.

Now they’ve got to stay focused, making sure they’re getting everything right in every piece, exercise, scale… But their cousin is preparing for Grade 7, so they’ve got to work just as hard. After all, they don’t let their piano teacher or their parents down.

Ohh the pressure!

5) Students can feel like they’ve “finished learning” when they reach a certain point

If a student starts sitting exams at preliminary they can get into the mindset that grade 8 is the end goal. So when they reach that goal, they feel they’ve “finished” piano. Students have even been known to set their own goals. Saying things like, “Grade 8 means you’re a serious pianist, but I don’t want to be a fully serious pianist so I’ll get to grade 4 and then stop so I’m a half serious pianist.” 

Piano exams infographic outlining the bad points

What Do Students Think About Piano Exams?

I sat down and interviewed a selection of my students to find out how they feel about exams. I asked them about the effect they thought being restricted to only learning a limited number of exam pieces each year had on their learning, and whether they believed exams in general were a good or bad thing. 

Overall, while they all believed that exams were a good experience for piano students, they were also clear that the way in which exams are used by a teacher is vital to whether the outcome is positive or negative for the student. 

If a teacher is basing their entire year’s work solely on an exam syllabus and teaching students only 3-6 “exam pieces” each year, they are falling well short of what would be considered a holistic pedagogical approach. More importantly, the students themselves articulate how boring this approach is and how much more they gain from learning a large number of pieces a year.

I think this video demonstrates that preparing students for exams is perfectly reasonable and positive. Just make sure it’s not the sole raison-d’etre for lessons. Well-prepared students are quite happy to sit exams and realize their benefits. This shows, if exams are only a small part of a student’s experience each year or even every couple of years, it is much more likely to be positive for all involved.

Piano Exams: The GoodPiano Exams: The Bad
Sense of achievement Pushy parents
Evidence of progression Limits the number of pieces a student learns
Motivation Students lack musical knowledge and experience
Pushes the student out of their comfort zone Can be stressful
Introduces new pieces and genres Students feel Grade 8 is ‘the end’

Let’s Talk  

Exams are always a big topic for discussion. But I believe that we all grow and learn from discussing our experiences, so I’ll kick us off with some questions…

  • Have you ever taken a piano exam? If so, did you enjoy the experience?
  • Do your students take piano exams? Do they sit one a year or when they’re ready?
  • Do you think piano exams are beneficial for students?

Let us know your answers in the comments.

Tim Topham

Tim Topham is the founder and director of TopMusic. Tim hosts the popular Integrated Music Teaching Podcast, blogs regularly at topmusic.co and speaks at local and international conferences on topics such as integrated teaching, creativity, business, marketing and entrepreneurship. Tim has been featured in American Music Teacher, The Piano Teacher Magazine, California Music Teacher and EPTA Piano Professional. Tim holds an MBA in Educational Leadership, BMus, DipEd and AMusA.

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  1. Good day Tim

    Thank you for this nice article. I would like to suggest that you also have a look at the music examination system of The Music Academy SA. This system offers a graded examination system in Contemporary, Jazz & Gospel music.
    The core of this system is the use of Improvisation techniques so that students learn to develop their own style of playing music.
    You are welcome to have a look at the website at http://www.themusicacademysa.com for more information.

    Musical Greetings

    • Hi Dewald – thanks for sharing your site. I’m not familiar with the exam system in South Africa, so it was great to see a contemporary syllabus. I’m sure there are also more traditional exam boards there too? Or do you mainly use the UK boards?

  2. Thanks for a good summary. I don’t have students sit for exams (although I did several times as a student and it was a somewhat stressful experience, but, overall, a positive one). But a few parents have inquired about exams. These parents are ones whose children are sporadic in their practice and lesson attendance. When we discussed the time commitment and consistency of lessons and practice needed for exam preparation, they decided to “think about it.”

    • Hi Deborah – thanks for your comments. I also did some exams as a child, but only Grade 1 + 6 in the end! I had a flexible teacher. Good idea to set those expectations with parents at the start. Interesting to see if they want to proceed!

  3. Great blog, Tim. I agreed with all your points – good AND bad! Speaking from experience, the only way I kept playing all my life was to allow myself NOT to do piano exams. But a couple of years ago I decided to bite the bullet and take piano seriously, and I needed a goal. I have just (an hour ago) finally recorded a Grade 8 exam for Trinity that I am reasonably pleased with (and which I will send to TCL). My only other piano exam has been Grade 1 AMEB, too many moons ago to count. Having the Trinity digital exams as a goal has transformed my playing. For me, the two things that have made a difference and enabled me to get to this point have been: 1. no regular teacher and only occasional consultations with an expert (which I could only do because I am already a musician – different instrument) and 2. the option of an online exam. Having the online option has enabled me to get past the ick factor of turning up to an exam room to play ‘under pressure’ and, curiously, increased my ability to perform live.

    • Hey Amanda – thanks for sharing your story. What a great example of the positive power of exams. I had a similar experience when I prepared for my AMusA a number of years ago and I resonated with this wholeheartedly: “Having the Trinity digital exams as a goal has transformed my playing.” Totally right, and if we use exams in a similar way for our students, they can have the same experience 🙂

  4. Something that needs to be discussed more often! Over the years I’ve moved away from students doing exams as I don’t think it produces well-rounded pianists. I would also add (from my experience) that most transfer students I’ve had who have just learned 3-6 pieces every year for an exam have often been poor note readers and struggled learning new pieces as a result. I think the exam approach is best balanced with plenty of ‘quick learn’ pieces and other activities.

    • Hey Nicola – you’re spot on. Balancing the exam rep with quick learn pieces (and all the creative stuff) is VITAL! Keep up the great work.

  5. Good blog, Tim. An important topic for all piano teachers. In the background of our thoughts we have to be thinking of the “best mix” for our student’s progress. Also, we must be alert to using Exams and not have the Exams “use us”. This conversation is always worth having. Thanks.

    • Cheers Dan! I’ve been a reader of yours for sometime and also enjoy your regular posts on FB. Keep it up!

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