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Teaching piano with rhythms

By Tim Topham | Technique

Jun 04 2011

teaching piano rhythms

Practising in rhythms is, without a doubt, my No 1 practice tip for students!


One simple reason: it reduces the amount of time that they need to spend practising repetitive sequences such as scales and scale passages, arpeggios, broken chords and any kind of fast quaver or semiquaver movement. Students will be able to play complex passages more quickly and with more confidence.

The use of rhythms in piano teaching is controversial. I vividly remember Boris Berman denouncing it as a practice method at a previous ANAM piano festival, asking, “Why would you want to consciously add rhythms to something which you eventually want to play straight?”.

One answer is, “Because playing in rhythms forces the brain to switch-on and focus by making things harder”.

At first, rhythms make passages more difficult than they would be to play straight. This increases a student’s concentration and develops far more certainty in finger motions and patterns. Accenting different notes according to each rhythm pattern strengthens each finger in turn and improves coordination, finger dexterity and independence.

Lastly, increased concentration and a higher level of difficulty means less practice time before passages, sequences and scales are mastered – guaranteed!!

The other great thing is that rhythms make otherwise fairly dull scale practice in particular more interesting! We all know about playing scales hands sep/tog, contrary, in 3rds/6ths, starting at the top, cresc/decresc, staccato, eyes shut, etc. etc. But to do these in combination with various rhythms, just adds another whole level of challenge. More challenge = more focus = better results!

These are the most common rhythms I use with my students when the content to be worked on is based on divisions of twos and fours:


I also use:

  • Triplets over 3 octaves (for scales)
  • Quintuplets over 5 octaves (for scales)

If the divisions are in threes (ie. extended triplet passages), then use:

  • Quick Quick Long
  • Long Quick Quick

These are the way I use rhythms in practice with my beginner and intermediate students. By the time students get to the upper levels and are playing advanced repertoire, I still recommend rhythm practice when I can see that it will help, but ultimately this is up to the student as they take more responsibility for their practice.

I find however that when rhythm practice has been introduced to students over a few years and they have seen its success first-hand, it becomes quite natural for them to adopt it as part of their routine without guidance.

I’d be interested in other people’s ideas/comments!


About the Author

Tim Topham is the founder and director of TopMusic. Tim hosts the popular TopCast show, blogs regularly at topmusic.co and speaks at local and international conferences on topics such as pedagogy, business, marketing and entrepreneurship. Tim has been featured in American Music Teacher, The Piano Teacher Magazine, California Music Teacher and EPTA Piano Professional. Tim holds an MBA in Educational Leadership, BMus, DipEd and AMusA.

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